Paper by Caitlin Cohen. Viewed on DVD.
Since the beginning of film, the role of women on screen has shifted dramatically. Reflective of women’s political history in the US, women in the film industry have often had their voices muted and their careers hindered due to lack of equality among their male peers, in terms of both respect and rights. The subject of gender equality has been openly discussed more and more in today’s day-and-age, however it has been a long road to get to the level of representation in the media and in film that women have reached today, and I still find that it is lacking in many regards. The nineteen-eighties was a decade filled with strong female leading roles in films, driven by a sense of liberation in the narratives that helped to aid the ever-growing feminist movement. Although more and more women were being cast as independent and ambitious characters, I found that instead of featuring strong women who maintained their femininity, the characters were either hyper masculine or motivated by the goals or desires of the male characters in the
Paper by Robyn Young. Viewed on DVD.
Auteur directors and films rose to prominence during the 1960s and 70s due to the discontent of film directors and producers regarding the rigid film format and storytelling of the archetypical Hollywood prototype. Contributing to the rise was also the shift in terms of societal morality, which created a receptive environment for this style of film to be mainstream. By switching to auteur perspective instead of conventional standards, directors found an opportunity to take “authorship”, creating movies that felt personal in nature affording the director the ability to reflect their feelings and visions in the camera work and narrative. By choosing films from directors such as Alfred Hitchcock and Steven Spielberg, I will show how auteur directors benefitted (in terms of success and freedom of artistic expression) by breaking away from the Hollywood standard and how this success has continued today with directors like Guillermo Del Toro and his success with films like Pan’s Labyrinth.
Les Politique des Auteurs or Auteur theory is a term that has been debated for decades and expounded on since it was first coined by French film critic