Paradise (Konchalovsky, 2016): Russia
Viewed by Larry Gleeson at Venice Film Festival.
Russian Director Andrei Konchalovsky premiered his latest work, Paradise, at the Sala Grande Theater during the 73rd Venice International Film Festival
Paradise tells the story of three individuals, Olga, Helmut and Jules as their paths cross amidst the trials and tribulations of WWII during the Hitler regime. Olga, played by Julia Vysotskaya the real-life wife of Director Konchalovsky, is an aristocratic Russian woman and a member of the French Resistance arrested during a surprise Nazi police raid for hiding Jewish children. As part of her punishment she is sent to jail where her path crosses with Jules, a French-Nazi investigator, played by Phillipe Duquesne, who has been assigned to investigate her case. Olga pumps up her feminine wiles with what appears to be some success to get Jules to lighten her punishment. However, events take an unexpected turn and Olga is sent off to a dark and dirty hellish concentration camp. While managing to survive and stay alive, Olga catches the eye of Helmut, a high-ranking German SS officer, played by Christian Clauss, who oversees the camp’s operations with an auditor’s acumen. Helmut had previously fallen madly in love with the upper-class Olga and still feels the yearnings of love. Slowly and with the utmost care initially, the two embark on a tumultuous and destructive relationship leading to a break in Olga’s mental state of what constitutes paradise as an impending Nazi defeat looms.
Throughout Paradise Konchalovsky takes the viewer on a compelling journey into the past utilizing what appears to be archival footage and documentary style interviews from the three main characters. He sets the film in 1942 early with the use of a text overlay during the film’s prologue and quickly introduces the audience to the world of Olga as a high-class, fashion editor for Vogue magazine. With the blink of an eye, the tone of the film is changed irrevocably as Olga is shown being grilled all night long about why she would hide Jewish children and lie to the police about it. And, Kochalovsky doesn’t stop there. He enters into power relationships via sexual manipulation, eavesdropping, concentration camp internment and the visceral art of kapo survival.
In the end the paradise unveiled falls into a similar vein to the spiritual realities of war and the fight for what is right displayed in Laszlo Nemes’ Academy Award nominated Son Of Saul. Also, like Son Of Saul, Konchalovsky’s Paradise has gotten an Oscar nod for Best Foreign Language film. This comes on the heels of Konchalovsky garnering a Silver Lion with Paradise for Best Director at the 73rd Venice International Film Festival.
Along the way Konchalovsky pays tribute to Russian cinema history in Paradise, shown in black and white with reflexive characteristics of early filmmaking reels unwinding on the big screen harkening back to the days of Dziga Vertov’s Man With the Movie Camera. Furthermore, Paradise editor Ekaterina Vesheva scoured through scores of wartime newsreels in search of the film’s soul while keeping an authenticity to resonate within documentary sensibilities.
In line with his vision of achieving a dramatic authenticity, Konchalovsky wanted unknown actors audiences wouldn’t recognize from well-known projects to play the lead roles. Not an easy task for a casting director to find three actors with Russian, German and French language abilities who could carry out the characters monologues with maximum believability. Consequently, casting was carried out simultaneously in three countries with Elina Ternyaeva as the Russian Casting Director, Uwe Bünker was in Germany and Constance Demontoy worked in France.
Konchalovsky’s attention to detail continued with copious research into character development and environmental factors of female camp internment. Purportedly, he handed a compulsory list of 40 books for Clauss, which he graciously accepted, to read in preparation for his role as Helmut as a triangle of trust was being created between director, actor and audience. Julia Vysotskaya, a prominent television presenter, wife of Director Konchalovsky and working stage actress shaved her head, lost significant body weight and endured the rigors of the film’s highly intense, emotional scene work. Adding additional depth to the Paradise mise-en-scene and furthering the look and feel of the 1940’s war era with authentic costuming and set objects were the efforts of Costume Designer, Dmitry Andreev, and Production Designer, Irina Ochina.
While the list of Halocaust films continues to grow, Konchalovsky submits a rare twist in Paradise with its exquisite aura and emotional expressions. A highly recommended selection for film lovers. Artistic, informative and transcendent, Paradise permeates more than one metaphysical level.
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